Amethyst and Citrine

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Amethyst and Citrine

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In this month’s blog post we are exploring Amethyst and Citrine. They are both varieties of a mineral called Quartz, which is very common it self. For example the sand on the beach is essentially just a ground up quartz. But alternatively coloured and transparent varieties suitable for cutting as gemstones are relatively rare.

Amethyst

Ancient Egyptians used the amethyst guard against guilty and fearful feelings. It has been worn as protection from self-deception, as well as a protection against witchcraft. The amethyst has long been used to open the spiritual and psychic centres, making it one of the power stones.
It is worth remembering that it gained its name from the Ancient Greek word meaning “not intoxicated”. Amethysts has a strong purple colour and legends will have you believe that it came from the god of wine, Dionysus, pouring out his wine over a clear crystal in mourning. In practice many have their colour improved by careful heating , an ancient and accepted trade practice.
Amethyst in particular is often imitated in other materials and even synthetic amethysts now are used , so don’t trust your own judgment , until you are really sure OR until a gemologist or your trusted jeweller gets familiar with the gem stone and says that is a non synthetic amethyst.

Citrine 

Citrine is a yellow to brownish – yellow colour gemstone. The darker smokey greyish – brown is sometimes called Cairngor. People have used quartz in jewellery for thousands of years. Egyptians gathered ornately striped agates from the shore and used them as talismans, the ancient Greeks carved rock crystal ornaments that glistened like permafrost. Natural citrine is rare, and today most citrine quartz is the result of heat treatment of amethyst quartz. Even so, gems from the Victorian era have surfaced, and it’s not hard to imagine that citrine was treasured even in earlier times.Along with topaz, citrine is a birthstone for November. It’s also recognised as the gem that commemorates the thirteenth anniversary.

Both Amethyst and Citrine are 7 on the scale.We have mentioned for previous gems their hardness but what really hardiness is ? In simple terms it means the ability of particular stone to resist the scratching. The jewellery trade is using the unit of measure known as the MOH’s hardness scale to define the fragility of one stone against another. A German gemologist Frederick Mohs developed it in 1812 and it is still used to this day. By refereeing you a stone’s hardness you will be able to identify which stones are for daily use and which ones are better to be kept for special occasions.
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Source : The National Association Of Goldsmiths

 

 

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